The aim of this review is to provide an overview of key findings from the literature on mental health in childhood and adolescence and to consider, in particular, links between mental health and substance use. The review is part of a collaborative project between the Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Middlesex University and MENTOR UK.
Common Mental Disorders (CMD), that is mental illnesses related to anxiety and depression, are the most prevalent worldwide. There is ample evidence of the prevalence of CMD in children, adolescents and young adults and longitudinal studies have found strong continuity of mental health problems, particularly depression, from childhood or adolescence into adulthood. This review has highlighted the importance of identifying and responding to the emergence of mental health issues in childhood and adolescence. See first part of the review